How's your FICO Score?
Because our society is so computer-driven, it should come as no surprise that your creditworthiness boils down to one number.
The years of paying your various bills: your mortgage, vehicle payments, and credit card bills are analyzed, sliced, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
Equifax, TransUnion, and Experian, the three major credit reporting agencies, each have their own proprietary formula for building your credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, all of the agencies use the following to build your credit score:
- Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- History of Payments - Have you paid more than 30 days late, and how often?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts? How much do you owe?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have lenders pulled your credit for the purpose of lending you money?
These factors are weighted differently depending on the formula being used. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. FICO scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is always better. Most home buyers these days have a score above 620.
Your score affects your monthly payment
Did you know? Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Can I improve my credit score?
How can you improve your credit score? Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. (Of course you can and should appeal incorrect items on your credit report.)
Getting your FICO score
Before you can improve your credit score, you have to obtain your score and be sure that the credit reports from each agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the corporation that offered the original FICO credit score, sells FICO scores on its website: myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score along with reports from all three credit reporting agencies. Also available are helpful information and tools that help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once a year from all three credit reporting agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Armed with this info, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the most favorable mortgage.
Want to know more about credit scores? Call us at (478) 746-2063.